Born in Brixton, London, Fintan Murphy was a son of Frank Murphy, who founded the Irish Self-Determination League of Great Britain. After receiving and education in St. Enda’s College, Rathfarnham, Murphy returned to London where he joined the Irish Volunteers. He then moved to Dublin in 1916 and fought with E Company in the 4th Battalion of the Dublin Brigade during the Easter Rising. He was stationed in the GPO for the week, before evacuating to Moore Street on Friday. Interned in Frongoch prison camp until December 1916, Murphy was appointed Captain of E Company shortly after his release and went on to hold a variety of high-ranking positions during the War of Independence, including Quartermaster General and Chief Liaison Officer of the IRA. He also served on the personal staff of Michael Collins and assisted in the escape of Éamon de Valera from Lincoln Prison in 1919.
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