A vocal nationalist, and journalist with the New Ireland paper, Frank Gallagher was involved with the establishment of the Irish Volunteers in 1913. Joining Sinn Féin after the Easter Rising, he assisted in Count George Plunkett’s Roscommon by-election victory in 1917 and was particularly active during the party’s anti-conscription and general election campaigns of 1918, briefly serving as director of propaganda on the latter occasion. He issued propaganda for the IRA during the War of Independence, also serving as an officer in the Dublin brigade. He took a strong position against the Anglo-Irish Treaty and spent most of the Civil War in prison. He became involved in Fianna Fáil upon the party’s establishment in 1926, working as its Director of Publicity and later as Éamon de Valera’s personal secretary. He became the first editor in chief of the Irish Press in 1931 and, after resigning four years later, he joined Radio Éireann as deputy director. He also served as Director of the Government Information Bureau during the Second World War, and was known for exacting close control of censorship over all sections of the media.
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