Brian Molloy joined the IRB in 1910 and served with the Irish Volunteers as Captain of the Castlegar Company in the Galway Brigade. He participated in the events of the Easter Rising in his native county, leading an attack on the RIC at the Carnmore Crossroads, amongst other activities. He was subsequently arrested, court-martialled, and sentenced to death whilst detained in Kilmainham Gaol. His sentence was commuted to ten years penal servitude and he was ultimately released in June 1917 after being interned Dartmoor prison, Lewes Jail, and the Isle of Wight. Molloy later served as a Battalion Commandant in the IRA and took part in a number of attacks in Connacht during the War of Independence. He joined the republican side during the Civil War and fought against the National Army in Galway city in July 1922.
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